Each of The Atlantic and the New York Times permit free access four times within a calendar month.

Editorial, “The 19th Amendment: An Important Milestone in an Unfinished Journey,” NYT (15 August 2020)

Background reading and links to works of by and about African American women's history, including a forthcoming book by Martha Jones on the Black Suffragette movement before Seneca Falls (1848) through 1960s.



Fisher, Christina. “The Black Female Battalion That Stood Up to a White Male Army,” NYT Magazine (Published June 17, 2020; Updated Sept. 2, 2020)

Major Charity Adams commanded the first battalion of 855 Black WACS sent to England and then France during WWII to sort and distribute 17 million pieces of mail to WWII Gis.  The 6888 was a pass-fail test to determine the value of Black women to the military.  They passed – and then some.



Garber, Meghan. “Pop Culture Failed to Imagine Kamala Harris: Her candidacy meets a culture that, too often, still doesn’t know what to make of women who seek to lead.”  The Atlantic  (12 August 2020)

Analysis of women and power through film and television programs.




Kennedy, Pagan, “The Rape Kit’s Secret History: The Story of the Woman who Forced the Police to start Treating Sexual Assault like a Crime.”  NYT (17 June 2020)

Marty Goddard's treatment is also a crime in itself.  Credit for her idea was stolen by a man, and the rape kits themselves lie untested, she was later raped, and died in obscurity and poverty.  Related topic:  the TV series Unbelievable, episode one

Marchese, David. “Gloria Steinem Is Nowhere Near Done With Being an Activist,” NYT Magazine

(9 September 2020) Interview; great photos

Corrects the history of feminism as one disproportionately propelled by Black Women activists and leaders: majority of feminists are women of color, but the media sees the women's movement as White – just as the public image of civil rights movements is seen as male. Currently feminism is at a point of backlash from those who feel deprived because it is winning. Early insurgency is now a majority view.

Refer IWC-V - Mrs. America, (TV), The Glorias, (Film)

Okoro, Enuma. “How Three Artists Are Exploring Mythology and Race,” (NY Times Magazine, 10 September 2020). With links to examples of their work.

Three Black “artists as storytellers” re-examine intersections of historical narratives, classical myths, and religious stories to create images that speak on multiple levels to the experiences of Black females.

Calida Rawles (African-American) – re-examines the ancient Hebrew story of Lilith, punished for her resistance, as a woman

who chose freedom at the cost of being stereotyped, misunderstood and vilified. Water images depict possibilities of womanhood, tranquility, and other-worldliness.

Pamela Phatsimo Sunstrum (Botswana) – interest in archetypes in classical mythology led her to explore identity as an

evolving construct among self, community, environment within narratives that honor full humanity.

Harmonia Rosales (Afro-Cuban) – infuses stories of classical mythology and Catholicism, with African origin myths.

Mertens, Maggie.  “This Woman Surfed the Biggest Wave of the Year:  Here’s why you probably haven’t heard about it.”  The Atlantic (12 September 2020)

The way in which women's accomplishments are judged matters – particularly in a male-dominated sport..

“Do women have to be better than men? Or better than the best women to be recognized as the best woman ever?”  Actually, fascinating article about the judging of Maya Gabeira's WSL winning ride on a 73.5' wave in Nazaré, Portugal (11 February 2020).

Zakaria, Rafia.  “Empire and Degradation: On the links between colonialism and sexual control,” The Baffler (15 September 2020)

Reference: IWCV non-fiction - Mitra, Indian Sex Life: Sexuality & Colonial Origins of Modern Social Thought

Zakaria links Mitra's work to Nixon's repulsion of “sexless, nothing” Indian women forms a straight line between the women's dehumanization in British colonial history to that of Nixon/Kissinger policies toward South Asia and, particularly, their support of Pakistan's militaristic policies toward Bangladesh in 1971.

Reference:   Gary J. Bass,  “The Terrible Cost of Presidential Racism,” NYT (3 September 2020)

Recently declassified White House tapes reveal how President Nixon’s racism and misogyny led him to ignore the genocidal violence of the Pakistani military in what is today Bangladesh.