Editorial, “The 19th Amendment: An Important Milestone in an Unfinished Journey,” NYT (15 August 2020)

Background reading and links to works of by and about African American women's history, including a forthcoming book by Martha Jones on the Black Suffragette movement before Seneca Falls (1848) through 1960s.



Fisher, Christina. “The Black Female Battalion That Stood Up to a White Male Army,” NYT Magazine (Published June 17, 2020; Updated Sept. 2, 2020)

Major Charity Adams commanded the first battalion of 855 Black WACS sent to England and then France during WWII to sort and distribute 17 million pieces of mail to WWII Gis.  The 6888 was a pass-fail test to determine the value of Black women to the military.  They passed – and then some.



Garber, Meghan. “Pop Culture Failed to Imagine Kamala Harris: Her candidacy meets a culture that, too often, still doesn’t know what to make of women who seek to lead.”  The Atlantic  (12 August 2020)

Analysis of women and power through film and television programs.




Kennedy, Pagan, “The Rape Kit’s Secret History: The Story of the Woman who Forced the Police to start Treating Sexual Assault like a Crime.”  NYT (17 June 2020)

Marty Goddard's treatment is also a crime in itself.  Credit for her idea was stolen by a man, and the rape kits themselves lie untested, she was later raped, and died in obscurity and poverty.  Related topic:  the TV series Unbelievable, episode one

Marchese, David. “Gloria Steinem Is Nowhere Near Done With Being an Activist,” NYT Magazine

(9 September 2020) Interview; great photos

Corrects the history of feminism as one disproportionately propelled by Black Women activists and leaders: majority of feminists are women of color, but the media sees the women's movement as White – just as the public image of civil rights movements is seen as male. Currently feminism is at a point of backlash from those who feel deprived because it is winning. Early insurgency is now a majority view.

Refer IWC-V - Mrs. America, (TV), The Glorias, (Film)

Okoro, Enuma. “How Three Artists Are Exploring Mythology and Race,” (NY Times Magazine, 10 September 2020). With links to examples of their work.

Three Black “artists as storytellers” re-examine intersections of historical narratives, classical myths, and religious stories to create images that speak on multiple levels to the experiences of Black females.

Calida Rawles (African-American) – re-examines the ancient Hebrew story of Lilith, punished for her resistance, as a woman

who chose freedom at the cost of being stereotyped, misunderstood and vilified. Water images depict possibilities of womanhood, tranquility, and other-worldliness.

Pamela Phatsimo Sunstrum (Botswana) – interest in archetypes in classical mythology led her to explore identity as an

evolving construct among self, community, environment within narratives that honor full humanity.

Harmonia Rosales (Afro-Cuban) – infuses stories of classical mythology and Catholicism, with African origin myths.

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